Very often, when our partner snores, we do not pay attention to it. But in many cases, severe snoring can be a sign of sleep apnea.
What is sleep apnea?
This is a disorder of breathing during sleep. Breathing stops for a short time, pauses are about 10-20 seconds, and it can occur up to hundreds of times during sleep. As a result,there is a disorder in the rhythm of sleep.
Sleep apnea may become a chronic and can provoke diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke and obesity. Fortunately, sleep apnea is curable and you can regain good sleep, controlling the symptoms, if they can be recognized.
There are 3 main types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central and mixed
Obstructive apnea – is the most common type and it occurs when the soft tissues in the back of the throat loosen itself during sleep. Thus, they are blocking the airways, which leads to loud snoring.
Central apnea – includes the central nervous system and occurs when the brain fails to send impulses to the muscles that control breathing. An interesting fact is that people with central apnea seldom snore.
Mixed – a mix of obstructive and central apnea.
What happens during sleep apnea?
When the air, which enters during sleep, stops, blood oxygen levels getting low. The brain instantly reacts as disturbing your sleep with heavy breathing or a sound. If you suffer from obstructive apnea probably you won’t remember these interruptions of sleep, while if you have central apnea, you will realize what is happening for sure.
Signs and symptomsThe best way to identify sleep apnea is to urge your partner to record your sleep, giving the record to a medical specialist.
Here are the main signs and symptoms: chronic and severe snoring, feeling shortness of breath while sleepinglong pauses during the breathingdaytime sleepiness, no matter how long you sleeprestless sleep and frequent awakenings, feeling that you do not have enough breathhard to concentratemorning headacheswaking with a dry mouth and sore throat
It’s not necessary to suffer from sleep anapnea, when have these symptoms. There are similar symptoms in some types of allergies, hay fever, etc.
Sleep apnea in children
The most common is obstructive apnea in children, but it can be recognized quite difficult, because it can be accompanied by bedwetting, nightmares or excessive sweating. Also, changes in children behaviour during the day may occur.
For example: hyperactivity or lack of attention, problems of growth, poor marks in school, breathing through the mouth
Sleep Apnea, Causes And Risk Factors
People of any age and gender can be affected by this disease, but most of the risk factors are related to obstructive and central sleep apnea.
Obstructive sleep apnea – risk factors:overweightmanrelative who has this problemover 65 yearssmokerenlarged tonsils or adenoidsallergies
Central sleep apnea – risk factors:men over 65 yearsif you suffer from cardiovascular diseasestrokeneurological disease
Treatment Of Sleep Apnea
If you can change your lifestyle, you can reduce the symptoms. The following tips can help:reduce weight, if above normalquit smokingavoid alcohol and sedatives before sleepavoid a heavy meal 2-3 hours before bedtimetry to fall asleep at the same time every night
Attention! Sleep apnea is a serious disease. if you notice the above signs and symptoms, see a doctor immediately!